Magistrates give James Wroe the needle

Controversies involving immunisation campaigns are nothing new. Around 120 years before the MMR arguments in the late 1990s, ‘Prophet’ John Wroe’s heir, James, is up before local magistrates for not vaccinating his child, presumably against small pox.

Edinburgh Evening News
Saturday 1 February 1879

THE BAD EFFECTS VACCINATION

Four persons in well-to-do circumstances, residing in Wakefield and the district, were summoned yesterday before the burgh and West Riding magistrates by the vaccination officer for neglecting have their children vaccinated…

Mr Wroe, of Melbourne House, Carr Gate, and son [sic] of the late “Prophet Wroe,” the leader the followers of Johanna Southcotte, was charged with a similar offence. Mr Wroe said that vaccination was contrary to the law of Moses, and as he had religious and conscientious, objections to it, refused to obey the law. He was ordered to have his child vaccinated, and to pay 15s. for costs.